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en:intro [2019/09/16 13:59]
golikov
en:intro [2019/12/16 15:28] (current)
golikov
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-The creation of space-rocket hardware (SRH) is a complex process that requires the intellectual work of many specialists:​ scientists, designers, radio mechanics, technologists,​ programmers,​ electronics engineers, and representatives of many other specialties. SRH is at the forefront of new technologies,​ and thus it dictates the special requirements for the level of training of future specialists within this industry.+===== Philosophy =====
  
-In countries with developed economies, ​this project approach ​is used for learning purposes to train specialists. Students ​in higher education institutions and even high schools with the help of tutors (practitioners) can create their own small satellites ​weighing ​1-3 kg for educational purposes. ​Such CubeSats ​(the word CubeSat is an acknowledged term {{http://​www.cubesat.org|standard}} for small educational satellitesare launched ​with help of the government either ​together with professional-grade ​satellites ​on large rockets ​or by cosmonauts from the ISSThere are also other options for launching students satellites, such as launches on non-professional rockets to heights of 2-3 km ({{http://​roscansat.com |CanSat}} movement), launches on {{http://​nearspace.ru |aerostats}} to heights of 30-50 km, or carrying out experiments on board of ISS in {{http://​ssl.mit.edu/​spheres | zero gravity}}. The role of such experiments cannot be overestimated – try it and you will understand for yourself!+Aerospace vehicle engineering is a complex field requiring intellectual input from multiple specialists:​ scientists, designers, radio engineers, process engineers, programmers,​ electronics developers and experts from many other vocations. The space industry is always at the forefront of new technologies,​ setting an exceptional bar on the skill level of tomorrow’s experts in this industry. 
 +In developed economies, ​training relies on so-called ​project approach ​whereby a university or even a secondary school enables their students – supervised by experts ​in the field – to design miniature ​satellites ​between ​and 3 kg in weight ​for educational purposes. ​These satellites, known as CubeSats, are a globally accepted ​standard for very small-scale ​educational satellites. With government funding they are then launched ​into the space together with other, “professional” satellites ​– either in the traditional manner using a rocket, ​or by astronauts aboard ​the International Space Station.
  
-{{:​siriussat-1-rs13s-and-siriussat-2-rs14s-cubesats.jpg?​400|}} 
  
-In Russia, the educational process is traditionally rather conservative. We continue to use approaches from the previous century. A special "​Russian way of training"​ engineers that optimally combines theoretical knowledge and practical skills was previously used, for example, at the Bauman Technical University, but has remained in the Soviet past despite attempts to change the situation. In practice, creating educational satellites is very rare. No team wants to have students, and even more so schoolchildren,​ involved in real space projects. There is an understanding that modern approaches should be introduced into education, first in school and then in higher educational institutions,​ as it is done in Moscow Polytechnic University ​and some other educational institutes+{{:​siriussat-1-rs13s-and-siriussat-2-rs14s-cubesats.jpg?400|}}
  
-We believe ​that training ​future ​engineers should ​begin at a young age by actively involving ​schoolchildren ​in practical work with hardware ​in order to give them an idea of how real satellites ​work. To do this, we have created an educational instrument ​– the OrbiCraft ​construction set. OrbiCraft ​is a construction set for assembling functional models of spacecraft vehicles. The set includes ​the following ​components: frame, orientation sensors, actuators, cable network, software, and payload. It is meant to give students a hands-on approach to the design ​process, assembly, testingand operation ​of spacecrafts. ​ Ultimatelyit will allow students to design, test, launchand operate in “space” (on a special ​laboratory ​standtheir very own, albeit simple, "​spacecraft."+We share the belief ​that training ​of tomorrow’s ​engineers should ​start from the school ​by actively involving ​them in hands-on experience ​with hardware ​that lets them know how real-world ​satellites ​operate. To that end we have come forward with a tool – the Orbicraft ​construction set. This is a real DIY kit for assembling functional models of space satellites. The set has all the components ​that will let kids understand spacecraft ​design, assembly, testing and operation ​processes systemically in an instructive mannerultimately enabling them to come up with a simple yet their own “orbiter” that they will design, test, launch and operate in “space” (on a dedicated ​laboratory ​setup).
  
 {{:​orbicraft-deti.jpg?​400|}}  ​ {{:​orbicraft-deti.jpg?​400|}}  ​
  
-The final result of such training should ​be the acquisition ​of knowledge and skills that will enable students to take meaningful part in the design and launch of “CubeSats” (a satellite weighing 1 kg and having a full set of essential sensors and systems for work in space)Specialists ​with real experience in such projects will be in high demand within the space industry for work on important and interesting projects+Such training should ​bear the fruit of knowledge and skills that will prepare kids for sensible future involvement ​in the design and launch of real small-scale spacecraftSkills gained ​with electronics and programming will also let students apply their talent to neighboring engineering fields ​such as robotics, UAVs etc.
  
en/intro.1568631556.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/09/16 13:59 by golikov